HDI rank 2018
India ranks 129 out of 189 countries on the 2019
Human Development Index (HDI) — up one slot
from the 130th position last year.
Norway, Switzerland and Ireland occupied the top
three positions in that order.
South Asia was the fastest growing region in
human development progress witnessing a 46%
growth over 1990-2018.
India‘s HDI value increased by 50% (from 0.431 to
0.647), which places it above the average for other
South Asian countries (0.642).
For inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI), India‘s
position drops by one position to 130, losing nearly
half the progress (.647 to .477) made in the past 30
Group-based inequalities persist, especially
affecting women and girls and no place in the
world has gender equality.
In the Gender Inequality Index (GII), India is at
122 out of 162 countries.
World is not on track to achieve gender
equality by 2030 as per the UN‘s Sustainable
It presents a new index indicating how
prejudices and social beliefs obstruct gender
It shows that only 14% of women and 10% of
men worldwide have no gender bias.
These biases have shown a growth especially in
areas where more power is involved.
New forms of inequalities will manifest in
future through climate change and
About Human development Index
According to the UNDP, HDI is ―a summary measure
of average achievement in key dimensions of human
development a long and healthy life, being
knowledgeable and have a decent standard of living‖.
Parameters of HDI calculations
Health – Life expectancy at birth
Education – Expected years schooling for schoolage
children and average years of schooling in the
Income – Measured by Gross National Income
(GNI) per capita (PPP US$).
The Gender Inequality Index (GII) is an index for
measurement of gender disparity that was introduced
in the 2010 Human Development Report
It uses three dimensions to measure
Labour Market Participation